Personal Finance

Loans Are Lenders Cheating On APR s

Loans Are Lenders Cheating On APR’s?

A pound from one lender is as good as a pound from another. So when you're shopping for a loan, the key issue becomes the interest rate. Consequently, when you read press advertisements and visit web sites, the Annual Percentage Rate of interest (APR) highly influences which lenders or loan brokers you apply to. After all, the government introduced APR's as a standard calculation that every lender has to use, precisely to help the public make reliable comparisons.

But who's checking that the APR's are calculated correctly? Could some be cheating by promoting a lower APR than the rate they're entitled to? The commercial success of a promotion can be hugely improved by a really low APR. We think some must be tempted, don't you?

In a survey 92% of all loan advertisements checked quoted an APR Typical. (You'll find below, a detailed explanation of what APR actually means including its variants). The APR Typical means that at least 66% of applicants approved for a loan are offered that APR rate or cheaper . No one included in that two thirds will have been offered a higher rate than the stated APR Typical.

The problem is that no independent body is checking these figures. So the system is open for cheating. The Office of Fair Trading (OFT) regulates the selling of Personal loans but even they admit that their resources are over stretched and they only check on a reactive basis.

We think that's administrative speak for hardly ever!

The influential trade magazine Moneyfacts, has twice raised the same concerns with the OFT asking them what checks are carried out on the APR's quoted by lenders. After all lenders can get to the top of that magazine's Best-Buy Tables with a low APR and win significant amounts of business as a result.

The OFT clearly needs to do more.

Understanding APR's


APR is short for “Annual Percentage Rate”. It illustrates the true cost of the money borrowed on loans, mortgages, and credit cards. And by law, consumers must be provided with that information.

The APR calculation takes into account the basic interest rate, any initial fees, when interest is charged (i.e. daily, weekly, monthly or annually) and any other costs you have to pay. As all lenders are legally required to calculate APR the same way, it should enable consumers to make meaningful cost comparisons between lending products.

So if one finance company is offering you a loan at 5.6% plus an application fee of Ј100 and another is offering you an interest rate of 5.8% with no fees, then a comparison of the APR figures will prove which of the loans is cheapest.

APR Variable

When you see APR with the word Variable written after it, this means that the interest rate can vary whilst you are repaying the loan – the interest rate is not fixed.

APR Variable Typical

This variant is used in 92% of all loan advertisements. It means that the advertiser can't be specific about the interest rate applicants will be offered as their rates vary, usually in response to the applicant's personal credit ratings and the amount of money they want to borrow. Therefore, APR Variable Typical is used to give the public a general impression of the interest rates currently on offer from that lender. The addition of the word Typical means that at least 66% of applicants approved for a loan are offered that rate or cheaper . Then when a loan offer is confirmed, the paperwork will reveal the actual APR or APR Variable actually being offered.

Don't forget that the word Variable within the description also means that the interest rate isn't fixed and may vary from time to time, go up or down.

APR Typical

This is the same as APR Variable Typical except that the interest rate is not variable - it is fixed for the duration of the loan.

What a forex rate is and how to read it(1)

What a forex rate is and how to read it

When we talk about the forex rate, we’re talking about the relative value between two currencies -- how many of one the other is worth, in other words. For forex traders, the forex rate is the basic information they use to do their job. The rate is to a forex trader what nails are to a carpenter.

If you plan to get involved in forex trading, reading and understanding the forex rates is absolutely vital to your success, like learning the basics of addition before becoming a mathematician.

A forex rate is always expressed in pairs, followed by a number. The number is how many of the second currency you’d get for one of the first one. For example, you might see USD/EUR: 0.7928. That means that one U.S. dollar is currently worth .7928 euros. If you were to exchange $100, you’d get 79.28 euros for it. Since the number in this rate (0.7928) is less than 1, that means the second currency is currently stronger than the first one -- that is, the euro is stronger than the U.S. dollar.

Forex traders look at rates constantly throughout the day. They carefully examine trends in various currencies’ performance, noting which are going up and which are going down. If a rate suggests, say, that the British pound is starting to increase in value compared to the euro, a trader might swap his euros for pounds. Then, when new rates show the pound has become very strong, he can swap back again, turning a profit because the pound is now worth more than he “paid” for it.

Forex rates are available everywhere on the Internet. Casual observers to the forex trading industry might glance at them for reference on hundreds of different Web sites. Regular traders, though, usually own software that keeps them up to date on rates throughout the day, without having to visit a particular site to get them.

This is important, because rates change constantly, and can be influenced by a wide variety of economic and political factors. The overall change over the course of a day usually isn’t more than a few percentage points either way, but there are minor changes regularly, and those minor changes add up in the long run. Experienced traders watch the rates for those tiny fluctuations, carefully observing whether there is a general upward or downward trend that requires their attention.